The Business Administration and Management programme is aimed at producing diplomats with sound theoretical and practical knowledge to carry out a number of activities in a business concern effectively.
The objectives of the programme include:
1. Conduct a simple structured survey on any aspect of business and make appropriate recommendations to the authority.
2. Identify management problems at appropriate levels, analyze them and design management strategies to overcome them.
3. Carry our inspection and auditing of books and records.
4. Carry out evaluation of investment assets for investment purposes and assist in the analysis of investment proposals.
5. Interpret basic statistical data.
6. Assist in the preparation of short and long term budget plans.
7. Write business reports and carry out various types of business communication effectively.
8. Explain basic concepts and principles in economics and their applications in mixed economy.
9. Apply principles of accounts to different types of accounting transactions.
10. Use statistical inferences as aids to business plan and control.
11. Understand the basic principles of law and apply same to business relationship and transactions.
12. Explain various legal principles and procedures governing the regulations of companies as contained in company decree of 1968.
13. Apply mathematics and other quantitative techniques in management decision process.
14. Conduct product-planning surveys for manufacturing organizations.
15. Organize sales and distribution of materials.
16. Carry out market research and similar functions.
17. Carry out effective purchasing tasks and sales advertising.
18. Undertake proper storage and preservation of materials and goods.
19. Keep simple records of financial and other transaction in any organization.
20. Speak and write clear, correct and effective functional English.
21. Buy efficiently and wisely obtaining the best possible value for every Naira spent.
22. Ensure continuity of supply both to the markets or production units.
National Diploma in Business Administration and Management (ND)The general entry requirements for the ND progoramme are:
2.1 The curriculum is structured in four semesters of classroom, studio/workshop activities in the institution
and 3 to 4 month supervised industrial work experience scheme (SIWES) in a relevant industry. Each
semester of institutional based activities shall be for a duration of 17 weeks distributed as follows: 15 contact
weeks of teaching; i.e. recitation, practical exercises, quizzes, tests etc., and 2 weeks to be devoted for
examination and registration.
2.2 The curriculum of the ND programme consists of four main components viz:
i) General Studies courses
ii) Foundation course
iii) Professional course
iv) Supervised Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES)
2.3 The General Education component includes courses in Social Sciences Studies/Mathematics/ English Language /Communication, Citizenship. Entrepreneurship.
The General Education courses shall account for not more than 15% of the total contact hours for the programme.
2.4 Foundation Courses include Economics, Quantitative Techniques, Statistics, and Law etc. The number of hours for the foundation courses shall be between 10 - 15% of the total contact hours for the programmes.
2.5 Professional Courses are specialized core courses which give the student the theory and practical skills he needs to practice in his field of specialization at the technician/technological level.
2.6 Supervised Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES)
Tailor-made course outline shall be drawn up by the institution for the placement of students in relevant industry of a convenient period of the programme. See detailed guideline on SIWES in paragraph 4.0
2.7 Final year (ND) Project.
Final year ND students in this programme are expected to carry out individual project work (not term paper). This should be produced and bounded by the student.
3.1 The ND programme in Business Administration and Management shall be accredited by the NBTE
before the diplomats can be awarded the diploma certificates. Details about the process of accrediting a
programme for the award of the National Diploma or Higher National Diploma are available from the
Executive Secretary, National Board for Technical Education, Plot B, Bida Road, P.M.B. 2239, Kaduna,
3.2 Institutions will award the National Diploma to candidates who successfully completed the programme after passing prescribed coursework, examination, diploma project and the supervised industrial work experience. Such candidates should have completed between 72-80 semester credit units as prescribed in the programme.
3.3 Diplomas shall be classified as follows:
Distinction - GPA of 3.50 and above
Upper Credit - GPA of 3.00 - 3.49
Lower Credit - GPA of 2.50 - 2.99
Pass - GPA of 2.00 - 2.49
Fail - GPA of below 2.00
For the smooth operation of the SIWES the following guidelines shall apply:
Responsibility for Placement of Students.
(a) Institution offering the programme shall arrange to place the students in industry. By April 30 of each year, six copies of the master list showing where each student has been placed shall be submitted to the Executive Secretary, NBTE who shall, in turn, authenticate the list and forward it to the Industrial Training Fund, Jos.
(b) The Placement Officer should discuss and agree with industry on the following:
(i) task inventory of what the student should be expected to experience during the period of attachment. It may be wise to adopt the one already approved for each field;
(ii) the industry-based supervisor of the students during the period, likewise the institution based supervisor.
(iii) the evaluation of the student during the period. It should be noted that the final grading of the student during the period of attachment should be weighted more on the evaluation by his industry-based supervisor.
4.1 Evaluation of Students During the SIWES
(c) General Attitude to Work
(d) Respect for authority
(e) Interest in the field/technical area
(f) Technical competence as a potential technical in his field
4.2 Grading of SIWES
To ensure uniformity of grading scales, the institution should ensure that the uniform grading of students' work, which has been agreed to by all polytechnics, is adopted.
4.3 The Institution Based Supervisor.
The institution-based supervisor should initial the logbook during each visit. This will enable him to check and determine to what extent the objectives of the scheme are being met and to assist students having any problems regarding the specific assignments given to them by their industry-based supervisor.
4.4 Frequency of Visit
Institution should ensure that students placed on attachment are visited within one month of their placement. Other visits shall be arranged so that:
(1) there is another visit six weeks after the first visit; and
(2) a final visit in the last month of the attachment.
4.5 Stipend for Students in SIWES
The rate of stipend payable shall be determined from time to time by the Federal Government after due consultations with the Federal Ministry of Education, the Industrial Training Fund and the NBTE.
4.6 SIWES As a Component of the Curriculum
The completion of SIWES is important in the final determination of whether the student is successful in the programme or not. Failure in the SIWES is an indication that the student has not shown sufficient interest in the field or has not potential to become a skilled technician in his field. The SIWES should be graded on a fail or pass basis. Where a student has satisfied all other requirements but fail SIWES, he may only be allowed to repeat another four months SIWES at his own expense.
5.1 The new curriculum is drawn in unit courses. This is in keeping with the provisions of the National Policy
on Education which stresses the need to introduce the semester credit units which will enable a student who
so wishes to transfer the units already completed in an institution of similar standard from which he is
5.2 In designing the units, the principle of the modular system by product has been adopted; thus making each of the professional modules, when completed provide the student with technician operative skills, which can be used for employment purposes.
5.3 As the success of the credit unit system depends on the articulation of programmes, in the institutions and industry, the curriculum content has been written in behavioural objectives, so that it is clear to all the expected performance of the student who successfully completed some of the courses or the diplomats of the programme. There is a slight departure in the presentation of the performance based curriculum which requires the conditions under which the performance are expected to be carried out and the criteria for the acceptable levels of performance. It is a deliberate attempt to involve the staff of the department teaching the programme in writing their own curriculum stating the conditions under which the performance can take place and to follow that with the criteria for determining an acceptable level of performance. Departmental submission on the final curriculum may be vetted by the Academic Board of the institution. Our aim is to continue to see to it that a solid internal evaluation system exists in each institution for ensuring minimum standard and quality of education in the programme offered throughout the polytechnic system.
5.4 The teaching of the theory and practical work should, as much as possible, be integrated. Practical Exercises, especially those in professional courses and laboratory work should, as much as possible, be integrated.